Odourless, elastic coating with a natural effect. It has honey-density material (base-, light-reflecting and tip gels) or it can be thicker (builder gels). It hardens due to the connection (polymerization) of little molecules of the containing acryl synthetic resin for the effect of proper hardening accelerator (initiator).
In order to achieve hardening we usually use UV light, however, the so-called activator gels also exist which set without UV light. (We use the latter with an activator liquid which can be applied with a spray or with a brush. Their usage is complicated and slow.)
Coatings that are made of thicker builder gels do not flow so easily so these are better to work with. However, in such cases it is also important that the guest should hold his/her hand straight (in the lamp as well) and the thumbs have to be placed in separately.
Normally 4-4-2 fingers are put in the lamp, however, in case it is too hot or the guest’s hand is too warm, the gel becomes softer so we can continuously work on changed hands, too. The simplest way to do this is while applying the gel on one hand, the other hand is put in the lamp and vice versa.
The complete consolidation of gel depends on its type (3 minutes in general) but after 30-60 seconds it will be so hard that it can be taken out from the lamp so we can work on changed fingers as well.
It is important to pay attention that the nail that was built last (together with the ones already made) should be left in the lamp for the necessary time before we coat the thumbs with gel, too. The tip gel can flow away and spread easily; it is much more difficult to be used for achieving a coat that has proper thickness and curve, in addition, it can flow into the nail bed. It is worth to be applied on changed fingers, too.
There are multiphase (1. primer gel, 2. top gel, 3. shine gel) and one-phase gels (all three functions are included in one gel). Due to the application of diverse materials, boundaries between the one-and multiphase gels have been dimmed. In addition, as one-phase classic gels have to be applied in at least three layers (base, coating, light-reflecting gels that are used after forming), we do not take any advantage of using the same material for all the three layers.
Colours of gels can be highly various: clear, colour, glitter, hologram. There are colour builder gels which are clear, too. The so-called colour gel polishes, that are used instead of varnishing are not clear and more durable, however, it is more difficult to remove them (with file instead of polish remover). These colour gels can be well used for nail decoration (nail art), too. The components of colour and glitter gels subside so they should be carefully stirred up from time to time paying attention not to let air bubbles form within them.
The oldest base material used for making artificial nails which gets hard (polymerizes) by blending two components, the powder and the liquid.
The most common liquid type is the so-called odorous one that gets hard in the air, besides, the odourless liquid getting hard in the air, as well as the odourless one setting in UV light (the two latters are getting hard more slowly; their surfaces stay gluey which can be pushed down with a buffer. Acryls made of odourless liquid are less strong.)
The compound of powder and liquid can be modelled (formed by brush) very well after coating it on the nail plate. However, its setting – as opposed to gel – begins immediately in the air (except for the UV acryl) so the time is limited for shaping. However, this is not a problem for skilled artificial nail professionals. After filing the acryl to the desired shape we can give back its shine by polishing or by coating it with polish gel.
Acryl powders are available in all kinds of colours, the most common is pink, clear, and white colours of diverse intensity. Colours of the traditional acryl are less clear than those of gels. Coloured acryls can be used as well for nail decoration.
The most recently developed acryl is different from its former types in many aspects. Let us review in short in what ways have the chemistry of acryls currently changed.
Powders are made by blending two different polymers with triple grinding and by adding colour stabilizer. Consequently, they are exceptionally flexible (FLEX POWDER) with extra fine grain and excellent colour fastness. In contrast to former hard acryls these make the material being longer lasting, easier to file, and the yellowing and discolouration resistance of the transparent crystal clear (crystal clear and translucent pink) and dazzling white colours. In addition, the problem of crystallization that occured with former materials has been successfully eliminated by applying them in cold weather or on the cold hand of the guests.
It is based on ethyl-metacryl that provides maximum strength and is fully exempt from the MMA component of former liquids which is harmful to health. It contains such yellowing inhibitor additives which, compared to former „dark” liquids,, filters the UV light better without discolouring the powder; which is the main cause of yellowing. Due to its components, which improve plasticizing and self-spreading effects, it can be applied with powder, together with any powder-liquid ratio in the same quality; without producing air bubbles or disintegration.
PRIMER (preparatory liquid):
It can be applied to any materials and techniques universally, it is the strongest primer currently available in the world which completely subtracts moisture by penetrating into each nail plate therefore it ensures lasting adhesion.